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The European Defense Fund: What Does it Mean for Transatlantic Security?

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by Mary Capparuccini and Mitch Yoshida Summary The European Commission launched the European Defense Fund (EDF) on June 7, 2017. It will provide €590 million through 2020, and at least €1.5 billion per year after 2020, to incentivize collaborative defense research, development and acquisition within the EU. The aims of the fund are to reduce duplication in defense spending, produce …

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NATO, Trump, and the Return of the Burden-Sharing Debate

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by Andrea Bodine and Mitch Yoshida Summary As North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) leaders prepare for a summit meeting in Brussels on May 24-25, they face heightened uncertainty about the future of the Alliance. U.S. President Donald Trump, like his predecessors, has voiced support for NATO while emphasizing the need for a more equitable defense spending burden within the Alliance. …

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The European Union in 2017: Fragmentation or Integration?

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by Thomas Rhoades and Mitch Yoshida Summary As the European Union (EU) approaches the 60th anniversary of the Treaties of Rome, its leaders and institutions face a rising tide of political risk. Long-held and growing doubts about the EU’s ability to reduce unemployment, stem migration, and counter terrorism have set the stage for electoral gains by euroskeptic parties in the …

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The EU’s New Push to Counter Tax Avoidance

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by Triet Pham Summary The European Commission’s decision to impose a €13 billion ($14.2 billion) bill on Apple, payable to the Irish government, is one part of its new push to address tax avoidance by multinational corporations (MNCs) operating in the EU. While moves in this direction would significantly reduce member state deficits, they risk provoking a euroskeptic backlash. The …

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Turkey at a Crossroads

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by Jeremy Weiss Turkey’s accession to the EU has been a diplomatic goal for decades, but a continual lack of progress has made the process seem like a mirage: even after years of discussion, membership remains distant. Turkey has long had one foot in Europe politically as well as geographically, with membership in the Council of Europe, OECD and OSCE. …

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Nord Stream 2: Strategic Implications for the European Union

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The proposed “Nord Stream 2” natural gas pipeline is one of the most controversial projects of post-Cold War Europe. Since the start of the project’s study phase in 2011, it has divided the EU between north and south, and east and west. It reveals the tenuous position of the EU following the resurgence of Russian intransigence under President Vladimir Putin: a beacon of political liberalism forced by necessity to rely on energy from an illiberal, increasingly hostile, and authoritarian state.

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Where Does Europe End? Time to Talk Turkey

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As the European Union works to contain the fallout of last month’s Brexit vote, it has started a new round of membership talks with Turkey. Official negotiations on Turkey’s accession to the EU began more than ten years ago, but progress has been slow. The prospect of EU membership has been a major motivator for Turkey in its dealings with Europe – especially the recent EU-Turkey deal to address the migrant crisis, in which the two sides agreed to “re-energize” membership talks. But is Turkey really ready to join the EU, and is the EU ready to accept Turkey?

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The Potential Consequences of Brexit for British Energy Security

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After the victory of the “leave” campaign, there is no shortage of commentary on the wide-ranging social, political, and economic effects of Britain’s coming departure from the European Union. While the majority of Brexit’s supporters point to the benefits of greater national autonomy, controlling immigration, and charting a course away from the culturally distant Continent, little attention has been paid to the consequences of Brexit for the country’s energy security. Britain, nudged by EU guidelines, has made great strides in reforming its energy portfolio to include more renewables and less oil and gas. But it still imports the majority of its fuel in the form of coal, natural gas, and oil. By leaving the EU, Britain will, by necessity, likely reverse its progress on the greening of its energy mix and concurrently pay more for imported fossil fuels.

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Brexit: The Day After. What Next for the Euro-Atlantic Area?

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After three and a half years of waiting and months of intense campaigning, on June 23rd the British electorate voted, 52% to 48%, to leave the European Union. Concerns about immigration, the economy, national sovereignty, and the democratic accountability of the EU merged into a narrative that led to this unprecedented outcome. The decision is potentially catastrophic for Britain, the European Union, and the United States, which have pursued deeper and wider integration as a means to successfully addressing common economic, security, and political challenges for more than 70 years.

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Enemy of My Enemy: Turkey and Ukraine Align

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by Urte Peteris Turkey’s relations with Ukraine have never been particularly antagonistic. With recent announcements of wide-ranging economic and military cooperation from natural gas exports to joint naval maneuvers, however, neither have they been as overtly and actively amicable as they are now. What caused this change? Two long answers – Ukraine’s separatist conflicts in Crimea and the Donbas, and Turkey’s …